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雅思听力:高频词汇不再难

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2011-07-08 00:18

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雅思听力

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熟悉雅思的人都知道,雅思听力考试中存在着这样那样的场景,在了解了雅思听力的基础词汇后,高频场景词汇的掌握能帮助广大“烤鸭”们克服听力障碍,取得自己想要的理想分数。在本系列中,朗阁海外考试研究中心听力组的专家将重点总结一些经典场景的考点词汇供大家研究和学习!

       一、 Listening situation: social events (section 2)

雅思听力section 2 中经常会考到一些社会事件,比如说会议、展览、节日等。参加这些社会活动就需要通过网站、单页、通知版、广告等来了解活动的信息、日程安排、主题等详细信 息。一些大型会议和活动学生是可以选择参加的,而且还提供住宿和餐饮,一切都只需要在注册的时候声明并且缴纳相应的费用即可。

Events: Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition

Examples: Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show

Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens

Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems

Agenda: dates, timetable

Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits

Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band

Catering: café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue

Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost

       二、 Listening situation: environment (section 2/4)

这类单词肯定是大家感觉到比较专业和难于掌握的,并不是需要学员们全部记忆下来,但起码要做到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样才会对全文的听力内容有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。

atmosphere: Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide

pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste

Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation

energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas

recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components

       三、 Listening situation: repair (section 1)

这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。

What to repair: fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf)

Model type/number

Main problem: leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping

When to repair: immediately, straight away, right now, urgent

Next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks

Mornings, afternoons (am pm)

Quality warranty: expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years

Compensation: refund, replacement

Payment: cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer

       四、 Listening situation: diet and health (section 4)

饮食和健康不但是现在人们越来越关心的问题,也会是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。在Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity,high blood pressure等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。

Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie

diet: cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat

cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice

health: low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis

Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming

       五、 listening situation: medicine (section 1 )

这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。 比如说family doctor这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。如何注册一个家庭医生,他们看病如何收费等都是我们应该去了解的。在国外某些地 区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现一些急症没有医生来看的情况。

doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner

treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,

diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee

medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks

surgery: operation

hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice

       六、 listening situation: library (section 1/4)

图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,对于这个场景,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书 馆所藏的素材。除了上课以外,图书馆应该是学生待的时间最长的地方了。国外的书籍价格还是比较高的,尤其是一些专业书籍,所以图书馆比较受欢迎也就理所应 当了。

registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk

registration fee, membership fee

ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter

Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password

Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic

Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues

Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops

Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM

Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian

Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve

Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)

Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing

       七、 Listening situation: job hunting (section 1/2)

边上学边打工是绝大多数学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。如果有机会进入一些大公司当实习生的话必将对未来的工作有很大的帮助。以下是雅思找工作场景中经常考查的细节点,大家要注意哦!

Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job

Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint

Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation

Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas

Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage

Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform

Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab

Magazine reporters: housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine

       八、 Listening situation: shopping

在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。对于追逐时尚,喜欢购物的年轻一代而言,如果在购物上失分就比较不给力了,fighting!

Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off

Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products

Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online shopping

Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt

Supermarket: entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

  想了解更多雅思听力网的资讯,请访问: 雅思听力

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