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2017上半年雅思考试词汇备考笔记(下)

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2017-03-22 16:56

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  债转股 debt-to-equity swap

  港元的联系汇率制

  the linkage system between the US dollar and the HK dollar

  坏帐、呆帐、死帐

  bad account/ dead account/ uncollectible account/bad debt/ bad loan

  反倾销措施

  anti-dumping measures against ……

  通货紧缩

  deflation

  通货膨胀

  inflation

  非配额产品

  quota-free products

  非生产性投资

  investment in non-productive projects

  风险管理/评估

  risk management/ assessment

  风险基金

  venture capital

  风险准备金

  loan loss provision/ provisions of risk

  搞活国有大中型企业

  revitalize large and medium-sized state owned enterprises

  规模经济

  scale economy/ economies of scale

  国合企业(即国有合作社)

  state-owned cooperatives

  国际收支

  balance of international payments/ balance of payment

  国际收支不平衡

  disequilibrium of balance of payment

  国家补贴

  public subsidies

  国家现汇结存

  state foreign exchange reserves

  合理引导消费

  guide rational consumption

  季节性调价 seasonal price adjustments

  既成事实 established/accomplished facts

  技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological developmentwith industrial and trade development

  劳动密集性企业 labor-intensive enterprises

  乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises/ unauthorized pooling of funds, compulsory donations and random levies on enterprises

  千年问题、千年虫 millennium bug

  企业技术改造 technological updating of enterprises

  企业亏损补贴 subsidies to cover enterprise losses

  实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to

  平等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针 pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity andmutual development

  瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions

  皮包公司 flying-by-night company; bogus company

  放松银根 ease monetary policy

  流动人口  floating population

  企业的自我约束机制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises

  贪图安逸  crave comfort and pleasure

  消费膨胀  inflated consumption

  信息化  informationize

  无氟冰箱  freon-free refrigerator

  无纸交易  paperless transaction

  适销对路的产品  readily marketable products

  倒爷  profiteer

  机构臃肿  overstaffing in (government) organizations

  机构重叠  organizational overlapping

  利改税  substitution of tax payment for profit delivery

  经常性的财政收入  regular revenues

  慢性萧条  chronic depression

  双重轨制  two-tier system / double-track system

  就业前培训  pre-job training

  岗位培训  on-the-job training

  对外项目承包 foreign project contracting

  劳务合作 labor service cooperation

  外援方式  modality of foreign aid

  自1999年1月1日起实行 come into official enforcement as of January 1, 1999

  所有制形式 forms of ownership

  以试点的形式实行外贸权自动登记制度 implement an automatic registration system of foreign trading rights on a trial basis

  风险管理/评估 risk management/ assessment

  国家鼓励项目 projects listed as encouraged by the state

  <<中华人民共和国保护台湾同胞投资实施条例>> Implementation Rules of the P.R.C. on the Protection of Investments by Compatriots from Taiwan

  部长级会议 ministerial meeting

  公正合理 equitable and rational

  抢得先机 take the preemptive opportunities

  减免债务 reduce and cancel debts

  工程项目 engineering project

  同步增长 increase in the same pace

  雅思考试栏目推荐:

  2017雅思听力备考资料

  2017雅思口语考试复习笔记

  2017雅思阅读日常测试题

  2017雅思词汇知识要点

  2017雅思作文精选范文参考

  想了解更多雅思词汇网的资讯,请访问: 雅思词汇

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