The restoration of old buildings in major cities in the world costs numerous governments' expenditures. This money should be used in new housing and road development. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
The high speed urbanization has generated contrasting attitudes towards ancient buildings among governments in different countries. Numerous old buildings are being eradicated in order to give way to new housing and road development, which, from my own perspective, actually conceals the underlying flaws of this practice.
It is undeniable that, under the expansion of the city, more new houses and roads are becoming urgently needed. Well designed modern buildings with reasonable spatial arrangement are more glamorous and functional than old ones, such as accommodating more people in the crowded metropolis. In addition, advanced thermal insulation building materials and central heating system result in consuming less resources, causing less environmental damages. Moreover, highly developed cities require advanced traffic system that can ease the traffic congestions plaguing most of the world’s major cities .
While considering from a more comprehensive aspect, the value of restoring meritorious ancient buildings should never be neglected. Despite the cost of restoration, old building could serve as landmarks of the unique and local history, so their historical value could weigh much more than its function serving as mere residence. Additionally, preserving old buildings may benefit local tourism to some extent. When well-protected ancient buildings with historical significance are publicized, tourists attracted would surge to them, stimulating the economic increase such as purchasing and hotel industry. The revenue from tourism can be invested in not only safeguarding ancient buildings but also constructing newer houses and developing roads.
Even though it is hard to arrive at an absolute conclusion, I strongly conceive that conservation of ancient buildings could be costly, but it is rewarding in the long terms. Ancient buildings with significant historical value should be restored however huge the expenditure is, and those of less value be torn down to give way to urban development.