8. 注意使用与expenditure相关的词汇，如spending， consumption in xx.
The bar chart gives information about residential expenditures spent in eight different sections in England in the given two years 1957 and 2007.
It is clear that housing expenditure took up the highest percentage in both 1957 and 2007， which constituted 25% and 27% respectively. Meanwhile， people spent the least money on purchasing tobacco for the given two periods， the proportion stayed constant （6%）. Also， consumers had spent similar money on food， the ratio only increased decreased by approximately 2%. However， the spending on other goods and services increased from 9% to 14%
As for expenditure on drinks and clothing， the percentages both showed a declining trend， moreover， these two figures had declined similarly by 5%. The proportion for transport dropped from 15% to 10%， while the number for fuel consumption rose from 7% to 14%. This might be explained by an increase in the price for fuel over the five decades， with people’s increasing demand for energy use.
Employers should give their staff at least a 4-week holiday a year to make employees better at their jobs. To what extend do you agree or disagree ？
The working population has always been fighting for better working entitlements including annual paid vacations， though the welfare policy varies in different countries.
It is obvious that the benefits of statutory vacations are not only restricted to employees but also to employers. First and foremost， holidays are essential for families to strengthen their bonds. Studies support that those who manage to achieve the balance between work and family would be more likely to focus on work than those who fail to do so. Moreover， physical health could be promoted through taking a vacation. Increasing evidence shows that overtime results in increasing absenteeism rate， sick leave and high turnover， which is anti-productive. The last but not least supporting factor for a paid leave is innovation and creativity which is believed to be seen in those refreshed from an extensive period of time off in many businesses， particularly in the fields of information technology and other “brain-intensive” domains.
However， it has to be admitted that vacation decreases working hours， hence reducing working outcome. Four week is nearly a twelfth of a year， which is not a short period of time and a month’s wage is not a small outlay for a business. For some companies， a consecutive 4-week leave is not practical. Besides the economic consideration， the connection between working efficiency and paid day off is under suspicion in some labor-intensive occupations. Would a post deliver worker performs faster after a one-month vacation？
From my own perspective， annual leave for a month is positive to work performance in most cases， especially in those positions where innovation is critical. But in some others， it can be negative and the loss of time cannot be compensated by higher work efficiency or effectiveness. Therefore， 4-week should not be the mandated minimum paid vacation.