留学社区

目录

如何一眼看见雅思阅读考试中的定位词

字典 |

2017-03-04 11:24

|

【 liuxue86.com - 雅思阅读 】

  “如何一眼看见雅思阅读考试中的定位词”由出国留学网雅思考试栏目诚心为您整理,更多精彩内容,请继续关注我们的更新!

  首先,我们来看一下剑桥6P91的Q17。

  As a result, factors such as 17_______ and attitudes to children have been eliminated ...

  文中出现了我们非常熟悉的and结构,找到attitudes基本上距离答案就不远了。另外,并列结构 such as 前的factors,以及部分考鸭不太熟悉的eliminated,也具有提示作用。回到原文定位。

  Now a long-term study carried out in Nicaragua has eliminated these factors by showing that teaching reading to poor adult women, who would other wise have remained illiterate, has a direct effect on their children's health and survival.

  我们找到了factors和eliminated, 但既没有找到and结构,也没找到attitudes。不少考鸭会习惯性继续向下寻找,进而距离答案越来越远。这里,我们忽视掉了非常重要的一个代词these。它用来指代前面的结构,也暗示前面出现了我们需要的factors。我们只需向前看一句,便轻松得到了答案。

  Most literate women learnt to read in primary school, and the fact that a woman has had aneducation may simply indicate her family's wealth or that it values its children more highly.

  我们会发现两个并列结构 and和or, 而题目中and 后跟的‘attitudes to children ’与这句话中‘it values itschildren more highly ’做了同义转述,所以答案应为or前方的 family’s wealth,选项J即为答案。这里attitude 的同义转述无形中增加了难度,即使大家先于定位句看到这句话也不容易得到答案。但是,有了these的提示,并谨记‘代词向前看’这一原则,相信答案就会乖乖地到碗里来。

  同样的案例也出现在了剑桥8的P29,请大家自行完成。

  Positive results could be produced by factors such as 34 ………… or 35 ………….

  原文: Just because chance had been ruled out as an explanation did not prove telepathy must exist; there were many other ways of getting positive results. These ranged from 'sensory leakage' - whereclues about the pictures accidentally reach the receiver - to outright fraud. In response, the researchers issued a review of all the ganzfeld studies done up to 1985 to show that 80 per cent had found statistically significant evidence. However, they also agreed that there were still too many problems inthe experiments which could lead to positive results, and they drew up a list demanding new standards for future research.

  我们发现,上面的案例还仅仅局限于两句之间的代词指代作用,但如果大家的认识仅仅局限于此,就太小看代词these了。下面咱们再看一个例子,这个题目是来自剑桥9P21的Q14,为文章的B段选标题。

  原文:

  In discussing whether we are alone, most SETI scientists adopt two ground rules. First, UFOs (Unidentified Flying Objects) are generally ignored since most scientists don’t consider the evidence for them to be strong enough to bear serious consideration although it is also important to keep anopen mind in case any really convincing evidence emerges in the future. Second, we make a veryconservative assumption that we are looking for a life form that is pretty well like us, since if it differs radically from us we may well not recognize it as a life form, quite apart from whether we are able tocommunicate with it. In other words, the life form we are looking for may well have two green heads and seven fingers, but it will nevertheless resemble us in that it should communicate with its fellows, be interested in the Universe, live on a planet orbiting a star like our Sun, and perhaps most restrictively, have a chemistry, like us, based on carbon and water.

  当你看到选项‘iv. Assumptions underlying the search for extra terrestrial intelligence ’时,不知是否有绝对把握选择它。在非常短的时间内选出这个答案还是需要实力的,而且不少考鸭即使选中此选项也不是特别确定,心理上的波动对下面的题目也会有一定影响。但是当我们看到C段首句‘Even when we make these assumptions, our understanding of other life forms is still severely limited.’时,我们会非常自信地选出答案iv。这里,these assumptions 对上一段信息做了概括,可见these的强大。同样的案例在剑桥7P70的Q14也有所体现,只不过将B段首句中的techniques替换为了iv.选项中的methods罢了。

  想了解更多雅思阅读网的资讯,请访问: 雅思阅读

本文来源:https://ielts.liuxue86.com/i/3112221.html
延伸阅读
雅思阅读做题慢游哪些原因?这是正在备考雅思阅读的同学需要了解的,那么接下来就和出国留学网一起来看看怎样提高雅思阅读的速度?(1)边看雅思阅读文章边默读出来以前初高中学英语的时候,老
2019-05-08
对于雅思考试来说,时间是比较关键的,那么今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来了解一下如何节省雅思阅读时间?第1步雅思阅读考试中,考生拿到雅思阅读的试卷后应该首先应该闭上眼睛,稳定一下自己
2019-04-26
对于很多准备考雅思的同学们来说,不知道准备得怎么样?那么今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来了解一下雅思阅读考试解题技巧。listofheading题①根据topicsentence解题
2019-03-16
大家都知道,雅思的满分是9分,那么考多少分才算是一个不错的成绩呢?我相信很多同学都在找一个答案,那么下面就和出国留学网的小编来看看雅思阅读考试多少分算高分?雅思考试满分9分,每0.
2019-02-20
雅思阅读考试是雅思考试中,最困难的一部分。在准备的时候一定要用心。那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看2018年11月17日雅思阅读考试真题及答案。1.物种灭绝两种观点:被人类大范围捕杀
2018-11-26
对于很多正在准备考雅思的同学来说,不知道雅思阅读准备得怎么样了?今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来看看雅思阅读如何找到定位词吧!雅思阅读定位词选取总规则在雅思阅读的定位中,我们主要是通
2018-04-03
在雅思阅读中,定位词对于雅思阅读是非常重要的,那么下面就和出国留学网来看看雅思阅读如何快速找出定位词?1、定位词的基本特点:不可替换性:题目中变化性最小的词性才能充当定位词,一般情
2018-06-27
对于很多准备考雅思的同学来说,不知道准备得怎么样了呢?今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来了解一下雅思阅读如何通过特殊词定位?提起雅思阅读,它的第一个考点便是——定位。那么何为定位?在雅
2018-04-11
雅思阅读考试可以分为三种题型--点题,线题,面题。对于点题来说,定位是最关键的一步。那么今天就和出国留学网的小编一起来了解一下雅思阅读定位词有哪些特点?(图片转自百度)1、定位词的
2018-04-17
雅思阅读词汇量非常多,想要获得高分是需要一定的基础的,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看如何提升雅思阅读考试的分数?一、英语基础薄弱英语基础不够,是个很大的坑,因为它会造成考生在做雅思
2019-03-08