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2018年5月24日雅思真题解析一览

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2018-05-29 09:11

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【 liuxue86.com - 雅思真题 】

  2018年5月24日的雅思考试终于结束了,同学们是不是特别期待自己的成绩呢?下面就由出国留学网为大家带来2018年5月24日雅思真题解析一览。

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  听力

  一,考试概述:

  Section 1 电话咨询儿童礼物 10填空

  Section 2 澳洲动物园 6匹配+4多选

  Section 3 新发明探讨 6匹配+4选择

  Section 4 自行车历史 10填空

  二、具体题目分析:

  Section 1 电话咨询儿童礼物

  1. A setoff gardening equipment

  2. A pair of children’s gloves

  3. Seeds of various of kinds

  4. For children playing with water or sand

  5. A pump

  6. Building blocks

  7. Made of plastic

  8. A puzzle

  9. For children learning different countries

  10. Cost:16.50 pounds

  Section 2 澳洲动物园

  11. Monkey zone - A

  12. Insects - C

  13. ****J

  14. Snake house - F

  15. Kangaroo area - B

  16. Tiger - H

  17. Zoo evening - A prize/award winner

  18. Artist festival - B restart this year

  19. Zoo twilight - B occur annually

  20. Birthday gale - C have a free toy

  Section 3 新发明探讨

  21. Energy harvest - G used in small electric equipment

  22. Thin film solar panel - F can be manufactured economically

  23. Sport shoes - C technology from space

  24. Wind turbine - A meets energy demand globally

  25. Hi-tech fruit package - D improve their quality

  26. Electric sport car - B better appearance

  27. A store the seeds and kept them stable

  28. C countries that buried seeks in them

  29. A he has limited knowledge

  30. C money can be used in better ways

  Section 4 自行车历史

  31. Advantage: faster and requires less effort than walking

  32. Year: 1860s

  33. Features: rubber tires/go much further

  34. For smoother ride

  35. A chain connected the pedal and the wheel

  36. It is safer than precious models

  37. Still uncomfortable to ride because the wheels are too small

  38. Rate of speed

  39. Key pedal which help go downhill

  40. Loads can be carried over the back wheel

  口语

  一、考试整体概述:

  1. Describe a city or country that you would like to live or work

  2. Describe a website that you often visit

  3. Describe a leisure facility you would like to have in your hometown

  4. Describe a thing you own that you want to replace

  5. Describe a magazine you enjoy reading

  二、本场难题及解析

  Describe a city or country you would like to work or live in

  You should say

  Where it would be

  How you got to know this place

  What do you know about this place

  And explain why you like to work or live there

  The Netherlands will be my first choice when I have a chance to work there for a short period of time. I first heard about this country in Geology class but later in 2000, I got to know more about it as it was the co-host country of 2000 European Cup. Beyond football, I have been fascinated by its greatness in art and economy and of course its spectacular landscape. Amsterdam is the capital city of The Netherlands, and it is known far and wide for its cultural vitality and inclusiveness of multi-ethnic. And it creates a bouncing atmosphere that I really enjoy. When it comes to job opportunities, many top 500 countries headquarter in this city, which provides its citizens with abundant job opportunities. If I would start my new venture in this country, then my future career would be promising, that’s what I know for sure. Apart from that, there’re a long lists of places for fun in this country, from all types of bars to grand shopping malls and wonderful theme parks, so it’s just like a paradise to youngsters. In order to fulfill this plan, I should firstly get in touch with my best friend Jason who is now working in a Dutch non-profit organization, because he would refer me to some of his business partners. That would be a great plus to my job hunting. And then, I should learn to speak its language thought it’s pretty tricky to me. But I am confident that I could live a decent life there one day.

  阅读

  一、考试概述:

  今年阅读的新题很多,涉及不同的方面。今天考试的三篇文章涉及了不同的层面,既有人文科学,也有社会科学,需要考生们有扎实的语言功底和正确的做题习惯。幸运的是,今天的阅读出现了一篇旧题,之前就刷过这些题目的考生,这次会感觉很友好。

  二、具体题目分析

  Passage 1:

  题目:Viking ship and its replica土质研究

  题型:7判断题+6简答题

  题号:旧题

  文章大意:待补充

  参考答案:待补充

  参考文章:暂无

  Passage 2:

  题目: Tasmania Tiger塔斯马尼亚虎

  题型:无选项摘要题+人物名称配对题+单选题

  题号:旧题

  文章大意:暂无

  参考答案:

  14-17) 无选项摘要题

  14. Black stripes.

  15. 12 million.

  16. Australia.

  17. European。

  18-22) 人物名称配对题

  18. A。

  19. D。

  20. C。

  21. B。

  22. A。

  23. D。

  24-26) 单选题

  24. B。

  25. D。

  26. A。

  (答案仅供参考)

  参考文章:

  Tasmanian Tiger

  塔斯马尼亚虎

  Although it was called tiger, it looked like a dog with black stripes on its back and it was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modem times. Yet, despite its fame for being one of the most fabled animals in the world, it is one of the least understood of Tasmania's native animals. The scientific name for the Tasmanian tiger is Thylacine and it is believed that they have become extinct in the 20th century.

  Fossils of thylacines dating from about almost 12 million years ago have been dug up at various places in Victoria, South Austnilia and Western Australia. They were widespread in Australia 7000 years ago, but have probably been extinct on the continent for 2000 years. This is believed to he because of the introduction of dingoes around 8000 years ago. Because of disease, thylacine numbers may have been declining in Tasmania at the time of European settlement 200 years ago, but the decline was certainly accelerated by the new arrivals. The last known Tasmanian Tiger died in Hobart Zoo in 1936 and the animal is officially dassilied jis extinct. Technically, this means that it has not been officially sighted in the wild or captivity for 50 years. However, there are still unsubstantiated sightings.

  Hans Naarding, whose study of animal had taken him around the world, was conducting a survey of a species of endangered migratory, bird. What he saw that night is now regarded as the most credible sighting recorded of thylacine that many believe has been extinct for more than 70 years.

  "I had to work at night",Naarding Uikes up the story. "I was in the habit of inlermittently shining a spotliglit around. The beam fell on an animal in front of the vehicle, less than 10m away. Instead of risking movement by grabbing for a camera, I decided to register very carefully what I was seeing. The animal was about the size of a small shepherd dog, a very healthy male in prime condition. What set it apart from a dog, though, was a slightly sloping hindquarten with a fairly thick tail being a straight continuation of the backline of the animal. It had 12 distinct stripes on its hack, continuing onto its butt. I knew perfectly well what I was seeing. As soon as I reached for the camera, it disappeared into the tea-tree underprowth and scrub."

  The director of Tasmania's National parks at the time, Peter Morrow, decided in his wisdom to keep Naarding's sighting of the thylacine secret for two years. When the news finally broke, it was accompanied by pandemonium. I was besieged by television crews, including four to five from Japan, and otliers from the United Kingdom, Germany, New Zealand and South Ainerica,w said Naarding.

  Government and private search parties combed the region, but no further sightings were made. The tiger, as always, had escaped to its lair, a place many insist exists only in our imagination. But since then, the thylacine has staged something of a comeback, becoming part of Australian mythology.

  There have been more than 4,000 claimed sightings of the beast since it supposedly died out, and the average claims each year reported to authorities now number 150. Associate professor of zoology at the University of Tasmania, Randolph Rose, has said he dreams of seeing a thylacine. But Rose, who in his 35 years in Tasmanian academia has fielded countless reports of thylacine sightings, is now convinced that his dream will go unfulfilled.

  "The consensus among conservationists is that, usually, any animal with a population base of less than 1,000 is headed for extinction within 60 years,” says Rose. “Sixty years ago, there was only one thylacine that we know of, and that was in Hobart Zoo,he says.

  Dr. David Pemberton, curator of zoology at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, whose PhD thesis was on the thylacine, says that despite scientific thinking that 500 animals are required to sustain a population, the Florida panther is down to a dozen or so animals and, while it does have some inbreeding problems, is still ticking along. Mril take a punt and say that, if we manage to find a thylacine in the scrub, it means that there are 50-plus animals out  there.

  After all, animals can be notoriously elusive. The strange fish known as the coelacanth, with its "proto-legs", was thought to have died out along with the dinosaurs 700 million years ago until a specimen was dragged to the surface in a shark net off the south-east coast of South Africa in 1938.

  Wildlife biologist Nick Mooney has the unenviable task of investigating all wsightingsw of llie tiger totalling 4,000 since the mid-1930s, and averaging about 150 a year. It was Mooney who was first consulted late last month about the authenticity of digital photographic images purportedly taken by a German tourist while on a recent bushwalk in the state. On face value, Mooney says, the account of the sighting, and the two photographs submitted as proof, amount to one of the most convincing cases for the species' survival he has seen.

  And Mooney has seen it all—the mistakes, the hoaxes, the illusions and the plausible accounts of sightings. Hoaxers aside, most people who report sightings end up believing they have seen a thylaeine, and are themselves believable to the point they could pass a lie-detector test, according to Mooney. Otliers, having tabled a creditable report, then become utterly obsessed like the Tasmanian who has registered 99 thylacine sightings to date. Mooney has seen  individuals bankrupted by the obsession, and families destroyed. "It is a blind optimism tliat something is, rather than a cynicism that something isn’t,” Mooney says. “If something crosses the road, it’s not a case of ‘I wonder what tliat was?* Rather, it is a case of 'that's a thylacine!' It is a bit like a gold prospector's blind faith, "it has got to be there".

  However, Mooney treats all reports on face value. I never try to embarrass people, or make fools of them. But the fact that I don't pack the car immediately they ring can often be taken as ridicule. Obsessive characters get irate tliat someone in my position is not out there when they think the thylacine is there."

  But Hans Naarding, whose sighting of a striped animal two decades ago was the highlight of Ma life of animal spotting", remains bemused by the time and money people waste on tiger searches. He says resources would be better applied to saving the Tasmanian devil, and helping migratory bird populations that are declining as a result of shrinking wetlands across Australia.

  Could the thylacine still be out there? MSure,w Naarding says. But he also says any discovery of surviving thylacines would be Mrather pointless". MHow do you save a species from extinction? What could you do with it? If there are thylacines out there, they are better off right where they are."

  Questions 14-17

  Complete the summary below.

  Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

  Write your answers in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

  The Tasmanian tiger, also called thylacine, resembles the look of a dog and has 14_________onitsfUrcoat.M£inyfossilshavebeenfound,showingthatthylacines had existed as early as 15______________years ago. They lived throughout 16________ before disappearing from the mainland. And soon after the 17___________ settlers arrived the size of thylacine population in Tasmania shrunk at a higher speed.

  Questions 18-23

  Look at the following statements (Questions 18-23) and the list of people below.

  Match each statement with the correct person, A, B, C or D, Write the correct letter A, B, C or Dt in boxes 18-23 on your answer sheet.

  NB You may use any letter more than once.

  List of People

  A Hans Naarding

  B Randolph Rose

  C David Pemberton

  D Nick Mooney

  18 His report of seeing a live thylacine in the wild attracted international interest.

  19 Many eye-witnesses1 reports are not trustworthy.

  20 It doesnJ t require a certain number of animals to ensure the survival of a species.

  21 There is no hope of finding a surviving Tasmanian tiger.

  22 Do not disturb them if there are any Tasmanian tigers still living today.

  23 The interpretation of evidence can be affected by people's beliefs.

  Questions 24-26

  Write the correct letter in boxes 37-39 on your answer sheet.

  37. Hans Narrding’s sighting has resulted in

  A government and organizations’ cooperative efforts to protect thylacine

  B extensive interests to find a living thylacine.

  C increase of the number of reports of thylacine worldwide.

  D growth of popularity of thylacine in literature.

  38. The example fo coelacanth is to illustrate

  A it lived in the same period with dinosaurs

  B how dinosaurs evolved legs

  C some animals are difficult to catch in the wild

  D extinction of certain species can be mistaken

  39. Mooney believes that all sighting reports should be

  A given some credit as they claim even if they are untrue

  B aced upon immediately

  C viewed as equally untrustworthy

  D questioned and carefully investigated

  Passage 3:

  题目:天赋

  题型:暂无

  题号:新题

  文章大意:待补充

  参考答案:待补充

  参考文章:暂无

  写作

  TASK 1

  类型:柱表混合图

  题目:描述人口的数量和生命预期。

  TASK 2

  题目类别:教育类

  提问方式:报告类

  考试题目:

  Children are experiencing the increasing educational, social and commercial pressures. What are the causes? What measures do you think can be taken to reduce them?

  Word count (288)

  It is true that children nowadays are burdened with academic and competitive requirements in the society. Due to this, the general habits of children are not as healthy as they were in the past, which is a worrying development.

  Due to the rapidly broadening vistas of education, the expectations from a child to learn more and perform excellently are leading to them being overburdened and fatigued. There are certain select schools which make themselves out of bounds for students below a certain academic level. Parents inflict high expectations upon their kids to get admitted in these over-hyped institutions. As a result, the children instead of utilizing their free time in playing sports or nurturing a hobby, are constantly under the pressure of shining in their parent’s eyes.

  The achievements of children also become a topic to boast about in social circles. Instead of encouraging a healthy competitive environment and motivating their child to pursue the things of his interest, they compare him with other’s kids thus obligating him to prove himself better than the others. Sometimes children do not realize they are under pressure and strive to excel in order to feel appreciated.

  The solution to this rising and concerning problem is that first and foremost, parents need to understand that they are not breeding racehorses. Every child has his own unique capability which should be explored and strengthened. The educational institutions too need to ease up on the façade of expecting outstanding results from every child and not overwhelm children with extra load of studies.

  In conclusion, every child should be left to grow naturally in order to achieve the best out of him. Imposing various pressures on children may hamper their development on a long run.

  推荐阅读:

  2018年5月24日雅思口语真题回忆

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  2018年5月24日雅思写作真题回忆

  2018年5月24日雅思听力真题回忆

  2018年5月24日雅思真题考生回忆版

  想了解更多雅思真题网的资讯,请访问: 雅思真题

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